Wilfried Coenen

Wilfried Coenen

Associate Professor

Office: 1.1.F08    Phone: (+34) 91 624 9158    Email: wcoenen @ ing.uc3m.es


Wilfried Coenen is a recently appointed (2020) Professor of Fluid Mechanics at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M). From 2015 to 2019, he worked 4 years a postdoctoral scholar at the University of California San Diego (USA), where he developed part of his professional career by the side of professors Forman Williams, Antonio L. Sánchez and Juan C. Lasheras. Earlier, he worked at UC3M (2011-2015) as a lecturer, and at the Universidad de Jaén (2010-2011) as a researcher. His PhD thesis (2010), directed by Alejandro Sevilla, was carried out at UC3M. During his doctorate, he did short research stays at the University of East-Anglia in Norwich (UK), University of Hawai’i at Manoa (USA), San Diego State University (USA), and University of California San Diego (USA). He owns a Master of Science degree in Applied Physics from the Technische Universiteit Eindhoven (2005).

Research interests

Wilfried Coenen has made contributions in two main fields of research. On one hand, he has focused on the hydrodynamic stability of jets and buoyant reactive flows, applying analytical and computational techniques to characterize the different instability mechanisms prevalent in these flows. As an example of application, he has explained and quantified the typical flickering and puffing dynamics of a diffusion flame as a self-sustained oscillation resulting from a global instability of the flow. On the other hand, more recently he has been interested in biomedical flows in the human central nervous system, in particular the flow of cerebrospinal fluid in the spinal canal and cerebral ventricular system. Here, the main goal is to combine mathematical models with patient-specific MRI measurements to give individualized quantitative flow predictions. This approach can be used to optimize intrathecal drug delivery protocols, or to study certain disorders in which cerebrospinal fluid flow plays an important role, such as normal pressure hydrocephalus or syringomyelia.

Journal Publications

  1. S.J. Sincomb, W. Coenen, E. Criado-Hidalgo, K. Wei, K. King, M. Borzage, V. Haughton, A.L. Sánchez & J.C. Lasheras
    Transmantle Pressure Computed from MR Imaging Measurements of Aqueduct Flow and Dimensions
    American Journal of Neuroradiology available online (2021)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A7246
  2. W. Coenen, X. Zhang & A.L. Sánchez
    Lubrication analysis of peristaltic motion in non-axisymmetric annular tubes
    Journal of Fluid Mechanics 921 R2
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2021.525
  3. W. Coenen, A.L. Sánchez, R. Felez, K. Davis & G. Pawlak
    Residual streaming flows in buoyancy-driven cross-shore exchange
    Journal of Fluid Mechanics 920 A1 (2021)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2021.293
  4. C. Gutiérrez-Montes, W. Coenen, J.J. Lawrence, C. Martínez-Bazán, A.L. Sánchez & J.C. Lasheras
    Modelling and direct numerical simulation of flow and solute dispersion in the spinal subarachnoid space
    Applied Mathematical Modelling 94 516--533 (2021)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apm.2021.01.037
  5. J. Carpio, W. Coenen, A.L. Sánchez, E. Oran, F.A. Williams
    Numerical description of axisymmetric blue whirls over liquid-fuel pools
    Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 38 (2) 2041--2048 (2021)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2020.06.327
  6. R.S.P. Hakes, W. Coenen, A.L. Sánchez, M.J. Gollner & F.A. Williams
    Stability of laminar flames on upper and lower inclined fuel surfaces
    Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 38 (3) 4515-4523 (2021)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2020.06.302
  7. A. Weiss, P. Rajamanickam, W. Coenen, A.L. Sánchez & F.A. Williams
    A model for the constant-density boundary layer surrounding fire whirls
    Journal of Fluid Mechanics 900 A22-1--23 (2020)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2020.513
  8. S. Sincomb, W. Coenen, A.L. Sánchez & J.C. Lasheras
    A model for the oscillatory flow in the cerebral aqueduct
    Journal of Fluid Mechanics 899 R1-1--12 (2020)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2020.463
  9. W. Coenen, C. Gutiérrez-Montes, S. Sincomb, E. Criado-Hidalgo, C. Martínez-Bazán, K. King, V. Haughton, A.L. Sánchez & J.C. Lasheras
    Subject-specific evaluation of CSF bulk flow in the spinal canal: recirculating flow patterns and implications for ITDD drug dispersion
    American Journal of Neuroradiology 40 (7) 1242--1249 (2019)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.3174/ajnr.A6097
  10. W. Coenen, E.J. Kolb, A.L. Sánchez & F.A. Williams
    Observed dependence of characteristics of liquid-pool fires on swirl magnitude
    Combustion and Flame 205 1--6 (2019)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2019.03.032
  11. J.I. Jiménez-González, C. Manglano-Villamarín & W. Coenen
    The role of geometry on the global instability of wakes behind streamwise rotating axisymmetric bodies
    European Journal of Mechanics B/Fluids 76 205--222 (2019)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euromechflu.2019.03.003
  12. W. Coenen, P. Rajamanickam, A.D. Weiss, A.L. Sánchez & F.A. Williams
    Swirling flow induced by jets and plumes
    Acta Mechanica 230 2221--2231 (2019)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00707-019-02382-2
  13. J.J. Lawrence, W. Coenen, A.L. Sánchez, G. Pawlak, C. Martínez-Bazán, V. Haughton & J.C. Lasheras
    On the dispersion of a drug delivered intrathecally in the spinal canal
    Journal of Fluid Mechanics 861 679--720 (2019)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2018.937
  14. P. Rajamanickam, W. Coenen, A.L. Sánchez & F.A. Williams
    Influences of stoichiometry on steadily propagating triple flames in counterflows
    Proceedings of the Combustion Institute 37 (2) 1971-1977 (2019)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2018.05.044
  15. D. Moreno-Boza, W. Coenen, J. Carpio, A.L. Sánchez & F.A. Williams
    On the critical conditions for pool-fire puffing
    Combustion and Flame 192 426--438 (2018)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2018.02.011
  16. A. Weiss, W. Coenen, A.L. Sánchez & F.A. Williams
    The acoustic response of Burke-Schumann counterflow flames
    Combustion and Flame 192 25--34 (2018)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.combustflame.2018.01.039
  17. A.D. Weiss, W. Coenen & A.L. Sánchez
    Aerodynamics of planar counterflowing jets
    Journal of Fluid Mechanics 821 1-30 (2017)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2017.192
  18. W. Coenen, X. Garnaud, L. Lesshafft & A. Sevilla
    Global instability of low-density jets
    Journal of Fluid Mechanics 820 187-207 (2017)
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2017.203
  19. P. Rajamanickam, W. Coenen & A.L. Sánchez
    Non-Boussinesq stability analysis of natural-convection gaseous flow on inclined hot plates
    International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 109 949--957 (2017)
    doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.02.010
  20. W. Coenen
    Steady streaming around a cylinder pair
    Proceedings of the Royal Society A 472(2195) 1--16 (2016)
    doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2016.0522
  21. D. Moreno-Boza, W. Coenen, A. Sevilla, J. Carpio, A.L. Sánchez & A. Liñan
    Diffusion-flame flickering as a hydrodynamic global mode
    Journal of Fluid Mechanics 798 997-1014 (2016)
    doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2016.358
  22. W. Coenen
    Oscillatory flow about a cylinder pair with unequal radii
    Fluid Dynamics Research 45 055511-1--18 (2013)
    doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0169-5983/45/5/055511
  23. W. Coenen & A. Sevilla
    The structure of the absolutely unstable regions in the near field of low-density jets
    Journal of Fluid Mechanics 713 123--149 (2012)
    doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2012.441
  24. W. Coenen, A. Sevilla & A.L. Sánchez
    Viscous stability analysis of jets with discontinuous base profiles
    European Journal of Mechanics B/Fluids 36 128--138 (2012)
    doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.euromechflu.2012.03.016
  25. W. Coenen & N. Riley
    Oscillatory flow about a cylinder pair
    Quarterly Journal of Mechanics and Applied Mathematics 62(1) 53--66 (2009)
    doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/qjmam/hbn024
  26. W. Coenen, A. Sevilla & A.L. Sánchez
    Absolute instability of light jets emerging from circular injector tubes
    Physics of Fluids 20 074104-1--11 (2008)
    doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2952597